Gagnant de Weck Anne
PhD Student in Sociology, Sorbonne Paris Cité
Winner of the Quai Branly Museum Prize
Dissertation defended on 26 November 2018: Practicing psychoanalysis and becoming an individual in Indian large cities
Under the supervision of Alain Ehrenberg and Marie-Caroline Saglio-Yatzimirsky
My Phd work deals with psychoanalysis in Indian metropolises, and especially in Delhi, where I have done almost all my fieldwork. First, I describe the one undred year history of psychoanalytic practices and theories in India : I try to show how psychoanalysis has been received in India, what kinds of debates it has triggered, being a western practice and theory and pretending be relevant in the Indian colonial and then post-colonial context, and how it has been appropriated, although marginally, in the sub-continent. Second, I analyze the nowadays practice of psychoanalysis in Delhi. Since the liberal turn of the Indian economy in the 1990s, psychotherapies have become more and more common in Indian big cities. In Delhi, psychoanalysts has managed to find their way into university, hospitals, schools and private practice. With forty-five interviews with psychoanalysts and patients - out of which three in-depth interviews of 6 to 10 hours - I try to understand what is at stake in the development of psychotherapies, and more precisely psychoanalytic cures. Looking at what people look for in therapies, and how the therapeutic process prompts changes in the way they see themselves and relate to others, I propose to look at the massive changes happening in urban India through the individual lens and the closed space of the consulting room.