Type de Publication Article
    Titre The best possible intentions testing prophylactic approaches on humans in developing countries
    Auteurs Lowy I.
    Revue American journal of public health
    Titre periodique abbreviation Am J Public Health
    Titre periodique alternatif American journal of public health
    Titre periodique alternatif abbreviation Am J Public Health
    Résumé Debates on human experiments in developing countries focus on ethical principles such as informed consent, accountability, involvement of the concerned communities, and the improvement of local health services. Public health specialists who conducted human experiments in Rio de Janeiro (1902-1905) and in Guatemala (1947-1948) believed, however, that they were acting in the best interests of local populations, were aware of the importance of informed consent, were closely collaborating with local health professionals, and were contributing to the development of local health structures. Nevertheless, their investigations went dramatically wrong. An initial desire to conduct ethically and scientifically sound studies was undermined by pressure to obtain results and to save the researchers' initial investment, the possibility of freely using hospitalized patients as experimental participants, uncritical help from local professional elites, and structural pitfalls of experimenting with severely deprived people. These elements can still be found in trials of preventive methods in the Global South.
    Pages 226-237
    Volume 103
    Numéro 2
    Mots clés Biomedical Research | Brazil | Developing Countries | France | Guatemala | History, 20th Century | Human Experimentation | Humans | Informed Consent | Sexually Transmitted Diseases | United States | United States Public Health Service | Yellow Fever
    Année 2013
    Url http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23237168
    Electronic resource num 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300901
    ISBN 1541-0048

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